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The Idea
What mooted the idea of APRM ? PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 03 March 2009 09:25

Introduction

Africa is the poorest continent and figures show that of the 75 least developed countries in the world, 52 are in Africa. Illiteracy, hunger and disease, are very common among the majority of the population. Not surprisingly about 200 million or 28 per cent of the population face famine and malnutrition and about 120 million are illiterate.

This sad situation is a direct reflection of several factors including senseless coups, wars, conflicts and leadership failure. The continent has a sad record of dictatorships, tyranny, abuse of human rights, corruption and maladministration and criminalizing of legitimate business and trade union activities.

Put briefly, Africa's problems could be attributed to poor governance. The question then is how can Africa extricate itself from poverty and poor governance?

New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD)

It was in response to how Africa could lift itself out of this that the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) was conceived. NEPAD is a vision and a strategic development framework initiated, owned and managed by Africans to improve the livelihoods of Africans.

It came out of two development initiatives, the Millennium Partnership for the African Recovery Programme (MAP), sponsored by Presidents Mbeki, Obasanjo and Bouteflika. It is aimed at establishing the fundamentals of good governance including; peace, security and stability, democratic rule, respect for human rights, rule of law and accountability. On the other hand the OMEGA Plan, was sponsored by President Wade of Senegal. OMEGA's concern was that without a solid infrastructure base including roads, railways, ports, ICT, etc, that open up the continents, Africa's development will be difficult to take off. The two ideas were subsequently merged into NEPAD.

As a development strategy, NEPAD seeks the prosperity of Africa through the following measures.

  • The State must ensure peace, security, democracy and good political governance in partnership with civil society.
  • The public sector must maintain sound economic management and governance.
  • The private sector must be made not only the engine of growth but supported and nurtured into maturity .
  • African States must fast-track regional cooperation and integration and
  • African States must forge new partnership with the international community and the private sector based on mutual responsibility and obligations

Whilst the ideas behind NEPAD may be lofty given Africa's experience, the question to ask, how can we walk the talk? It is to address this that the APRM has been mooted.

Origin of APRM

The 37th Summit of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) held in July 2001 in Lusaka , Zambia adopted the Strategic Policy Framework and a new vision for the revival and development of Africa through its Declaration on the New African Initiative, now called the New Partnership for Africa 's Development (NEPAD). The Inaugural AU Summit held in July 2002 in Durban , South Africa , endorsed the NEPAD Progress Report and Initial Action Plan and encouraged Member States to adopt the NEPAD Declaration on Democracy, Political, Economic and Corporate Governance and accede to the APRM in its Declaration on the Implementation of the NEPAD.

 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 03 March 2009 10:06
 
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